Pieter Ballon

Prof. dr. Pieter Ballon
Director imec-smit-vub
Prof. Pieter Ballon is the Director of the research group SMIT (Studies on Media, Innovation and Technologies). He was appointed the first Brussels Smart City Ambassador and is also the International Secretary of the European Network of Living Labs.

Prof. Ballon holds a PhD in Communication Sciences and an MA in Modern History. Since 2009 he’s taught Communication Sciences at the VUB (Free University of Brussels). 

His expertise lie in the Smart City area for both Brussels and the Flanders Region, on the subject of which he has recently published the book “Smart Cities : hoe technologie onze steden leefbaar houdt en slimmer maakt" 


Organisation Project Publication
Duurzame financieringsmodellen voor Vlaamse televisiefictie. Een onderzoek in opdracht van het Kabinet Media en het Departement Cultuur, Jeugd, Sport en Media. (2015)

A typology of media innovations: insights from an exploratory study (2014)

Loyalty Currencies and their Impact on Business Models (2014)

Location Data - A Trade-off between Control and Value (2014)

Mobile Wallets' Strategies towards Business Partners (2014)

Platform Business Models for Smart Cities: From Control and Value to Governance and Public Value (2013)

Living labs as quasi-experiments: results from the Flemish LeYLab (2013)

Innovation in Small Region’s Media Sectors. Assessing the Impact of Policy in Flanders (2013)

A Holistic Impact-Assessment Framework for Green ICT (2013)

Public broadcasters and innovation: a contested combination in Flanders (2012)

Evaluating Impacts of Oversubscription on Future Internet Business Models (2012)

Evaluating innovation policies in the creative industries: assessment of the Flemish media sector (2012)

Is there a Need for a Cloud Platform for European Smart Cities? (2011)

Techno-Economic Evaluation of Cognitive Radio in a Factory Scenario (2011)

Techno-economical Viability of Cognitive Solutions for a Factory Scenario (2011)

Innovation in small regions’ media sectors: how to promote what? (2011)

Adding value to the network: Mobile operators' experiments with Software-as-a-Service and Platform-as-a-Service models (2011)

DELIVERABLE 2: Desirable and Feasible Scenarios for Collaborative Innovation in the Flemish Media Sector (2011)

Multi-Actor Analysis for Self-Organizing Energy Efficient Business Ecosystems (2011)

Sustainability of Business Ecosystems for Next Generation Cognitive Networks (2011)

Smart Cities - Economic, Social and Privacy Implications (2011)

Potential Viability of Third Party Mobile Service Platforms for Spectrum Sensing (2010)

Business scenario taxonomy for low power spectrum sensing (2010)

The Changing Face of Online News: Business Model Analysis of Four Belgian Cases in the Digital News Industry (2010)

IPTS MCI Deliverable 2.2: Historical overview of the European Media and Content Industries (2010)

Naar een ecosysteemmodel voor innovatie in de Vlaamse mediasector: deliverable 1 (2010)

Informative document on analysis of potential CPC development models. ETSI TC RRS WG3 3rd Meeting, Paris, 19-20 February 2009 (2010)

Adding value to the network: Mobile operators' experiments with Sofware-as-a-Service and Platform-as-a-service models (2010)

The Reconfiguration of Mobile Service Provision: Towards Platform Business Models (2010)

"How about an App Store?": Enablers and Constraints in Platform Strategies for Mobile Network Operators (2010)

Smart Cities as Living Labs: the iBrussels and APOLLON visions (2009)

A typology of Business Models for Mobile Service Platforms (2009)

Towards a New Typology for Mobile Platforms: Validation Through Case Study Analysis (2009)

Business Models for a cognitive Pilot channel: the Fit between Operator, Vendor and Regulator Views. (2009)

Mobile Service Platforms: A business Model Typology (2009)

A Central Gatekeeper for Flexible Spectrum Management: Is there a Fit between Operator, Vendor and Regulator Views. (2009)

Business Models and regulations for Wireless Networks- Cognitive Radio (2009)

Platform Types and Gatekeeper Roles: the Case of the Mobile Communications Industry (2009)

Testing with Real Users: The Living Lab Experience (2009)

The Platformisation of the European Mobile Industry (2009)

Informative document on analysis of potential CPC deployment models. ETSI TC RRS WG3 3rd meeting (2009)

Informative document on analysis of potential CPC deployment models. Contribution to ETSI TC RRS WG3 3rd Meeting (2009)

Analysis of potential CPC deployment models (2009)

Business Models for Mobile Platforms: An Introduction of the Research Themes (2009)

The Simbu method-Supporting creativity in business modelling for open innovation (2009)

Business Models for Cognitive Radio- The Case of the Cognitive Pilot Channel (2009)

Living Labs in Flanders: The IBBT Approach (2009)

Market Implications for Different Deployment Models of a Central Cognitive Enabler (2009)

Mobile Operators and mobile web applications: the evolution from SaaS to PaaS models. (2009)

Introduction of Workshop Themes (2009)

Sustainable Living Labs Networks: the APOLLON plans (2009)

Platformisation of the European Mobile Industry (2009)

The City as a living Lab: an International Overview (2009)

An Exploratory Analysis of Software as a Service and Platform as a Service Models for Mobile Operators (2009)

Standardization and business models for platform competition: the case of mobile television (2009)

E3 Deliverable 1.4: Quantitative value proposition for Reconfigurable/Cognitive systems (2009)

Flexible Spectrum and future business models for the mobile industry. (2009)

Deelrapport binnen werkpakket 8: Studie mogelijke Business Cases. Final deliverable for IPEA Project (2009)

Business models for wireless city networks in the EU and the US. Public Inputs and public Leverage. (2009)

Multi-level standardization and business models for cognitive radio: the case of the Cognitive Pilot Channel. Paper presented at the DySPAN 2008 Conference (2008)

Who Pays the Bill? In Search of a viable business model for Mobile Digital Television in Flanders (2008)

Determining the Viability of a Mobile TV Ecosystem with the Monte Carlo Method (2008)

Competing Platform Models for Mobile Service Delivery: the Importance of Gatekeeper Roles. Paper ICMB 2008 Conference (2008)

Flexible Spectrum Models for the Mobile Industry. Presentation given at ICMB 2008 (2008)

Revenue sharing models for dynamic telecommunications services using a Cognitive Pilot Channel. Presentation given at the ICT Mobile Summit (2008)

Structural and Quantitative Evaluation of Multi-Actor Business Models for Mobile Service Platforms. Paper presentation ICT Mobile & Wireless Summit (2008)

Revised business analysis and models, SPICE Deliverable D1.7, delivered to the EC (2008)

Vlaams etherplan mist ambitie. (2008)

Cooperation models for mobile television in Europe. (2008)

Newspapers on Electronic Paper Devices: A Scenario Analysis of Possible Business Models. (2008)

Flexible spectrum and future business models for the mobile industry. Paper accepted for publication in Telematics and Informatics (Elsevier) (2008)

The Design of Mobile Television in Europe. (2008)

The E2R II Flexible Spectrum Management (FSM) Framework and Cognitive Pilot Channel (CPC) Concept – Technical and Business Analysis and Recommendations (E2R II White Paper, released 07/12/2007). (2007)

Wireless City Networks. A comparative analysis of US-EU initiatives on motivations, goals, services and their relation to network structure, TPRC-Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. (2007)

‘Business Models for Wireless City Networks in the EU and US: Roles, Inputs and Influence of Public Bodies’, ITS European Regional Conference. (2007)

Government Policy and Wireless City Networks. A comparative analysis of motivations, goals, services and their relation to network structure, IAMCR-International Association for Media and Communication Research. (2007)

Use case analysis for business modeling in the context of cognitive environments. Paper presented at Wireless World Research Forum (WWRF) 18th Meeting (2007)

Business model issues and roles for next generation wireless systems: The Wireless World Initiative perspective, Wireless World Research Forum Meeting 18 (2007)

Changing Content Industry Structures: the case of digital netwspapers on ePaper mobile devices. Paper presented at ELPUB 2007 (the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing) (2007)

Business Model Implications of a Cognitive Pilot Channel as Enabler of Flexible Spectrum Management. Paper presented at the 20th Bled eConference (2007)

Business model scenarios for audiovisual archives in a digitized era. Presentation at the Rethinking Television Histories Conference (2007)

Flexible Spectrum Management and the Need for Controlling Entities for Reconfigurable Wireless Systems. Paper presented at IEEE DySPAN 2007 (2007)

Business Model Scenarios for Remote Management. (2007)

Strategic design issues of IMS versus end-to-end architectures (2007)

The business model impact of flexible spectrum management and cognitive networks (2007)

The E2R II Flexible Spectrum Management (FSM) - Technical, Business & Regulatory Perspectives. E2RII White Paper (2007)

Fostering Innovation in Networked Communications: Test and Experimentation Platforms for Broadband Systems (2007)

'Business scenarios, issues and role models for next generation wireless systems and services: The Wireless World Initiative perspective', WWI White Paper. (2007)

Multimodal Broadcasting Business Analysis. Presentation at the E2RII Business Model Workshop (2006)

Dynamic spectrum management in the context of Reconfigurability. Presentation at the Workshop “Quality of Experience / BILA II - Policy and regulation for Next Generation Networks” (2006)

A comprehensive business model framework for cognitive radio environments (2006)

End-to-end Reconfigurability – Convergence of Unified Business Model (UBM) and Responsibility Chain (2006)

Cooperation Models for Mobile Television in Europe (2006)

Cooperation Models for DVB-H Rollout. Final Report for MADUF (Maximize DVB-H Usage in Flanders), IBBT-project 0052 (2006)

Comparing business models for multimedia content distribution platforms, (2006)

E²R II Deliverable D1.1: Business Models, User Value and Roadmaps (project n° IST-2005-027714) (2006)

Service business models overview and evaluation. Final report for IBBT-project Armad@ (Autoconfiguration and Remote Management of Any Device @ home), IBBT-project 0005 (2006)

Integrated Methodological Framework: investigating business models for broadband services in the case of iDTV platforms. Freeband/B@Home/D2.8/V1.0 (2006)

Integrated Methodological Framework: investigating business models for broadband services in the case of iDTV platforms (2006)

Mapping the European Wireless Trends and Drivers: Synthesis Report, IPTS Technical Report prepared for the European Commission – Joint Research Center, EUR EN 22250 (2006)

Urbizone. International best practice of wireless city networks. Research report prepared for 'Centrum voor Informatica voor het Brussels Gewest'. (2006)

Business Model Scenarios for Remote Management (2006)

E2R II Scenario on Autonomic Communication Systems for Seamless Experience (E2RII White Paper) (2006)

Living labs for broadband innovation: Configuring user involvement, Paper for the BBEurope 2005 (BroadBand Europe), organised by the framework of BREAD - Broadband For All (www.bbeurope.org) (2005)

Test and experimentation platforms for broadband innovation: examining european practice (2005)

Business Model Scenarios for Seamless Content Distribution and Delivery (2005)

Determining Demand for Electronic Services in the New European Member States: Lessons from Broadband Migration Experience in Rural Lithuania (2005)

Business Models in the Future Wireless World (2005)

Best Practice in Business Modelling for ICT Services; TNO-ICT report Report no. 33561 (2005)

Test & Experimentation Platforms for Broadband Innovation: Conceptualizing and Benchmarking International Best Practice. IBBT / VUB-SMIT Report. (2005)

4G Mobile in Europe: Business Scenarios and Implications for Research Policy (2004)

I-centric Communications: Personalization, Ambient Awareness, and Adaptability for Future Mobile Services (2004)

UMTS Integration and Framework Program Priorities (2004)

Scenarios and business models for 4G in Europe (2004)

Business Models for Next-Generation Wireless Services (2002)

Samenwerking en fusies kenmerken ASP-markt (2001)

The Impact of Convergence on the Competitiveness of the European Consumer Electronics Industry (2000)

Towards an action plan for the information society in Belgium (2000)

Bijdrage aan een Belgisch actieplan voor de informatiemaatschappij (1998)