Smart Plug-in Automobile Renewable Charging Services
01/01/2011 - 31/12/2012
Has been initialized

Worldwide, governments are starting to give incentives to promote the use of (hybrid) electrical vehicles to achieve cleaner and more energy-efficient road transport with a low carbon footprint. Through tax/VAT reductions and free additional services — such as free parking, free battery charging or lower traffic congestion taxes — private users, public organizations and car fleet operators are stimulated to adopt the plug-in (hybrid) electrical car. While the first charge stations are being deployed, and the autonomy of batteries are being evaluated, still a number of challenges remain to be addressed e.g. how to optimize the charging process in favor of renewable, fluctuating energy sources, and how to obtain seamless driver (or car) identification and fraud-sensitive measuring of the charged energy (anywhere a car is charged).

Within this ICON project, it is the aim of plug-in electrical vehicle operators (e.g. car and battery leasing companies) and car parking providers (private parking companies, public railway companies offering car pool parking space) to jointly address novel services that should allow to bring the electrical vehicle to a first critical mass of end-users: (1) services for fraud-sensitive measuring and billing of battery charging and (2) services for optimized, coordinated battery charging of large groups of cars using a maximum of renewable energy. These novel ICT services will have to plug into the smart power grid architecture, and therefore an extendable service deployment architecture is required that allows service components to be distributed across home gateways, vehicles, public charge stations and the back-end systems of PHEV operators and smart grid operators. This project therefore explicitly addresses the definition of a novel service architecture – which offers OEM-independent battery charging services exploiting ongoing standardization efforts - and targets a proof-of-concept demonstration of the underlying ICT architectures, smart charging algorithms and user-friendly interfaces.

Collaboration with complementary national and international initiatives will be exploited to maximize the project’s impact and visibility as well as to realize a complementary proof-of-concept. These initiatives include the Flemish initiative Linear, which focuses on the challenges related to the electrical distribution network, the SmartE ICON project targeting Smart Energy applications in the home, Vlaams Smart Grid Platform which serves as a Flemish industry body coordinating the valorization of smart electricity network initiatives, and other international projects that target services for electrical vehicles (e.g. EDISON in Denmark, in the Netherlands, eMobility in Germany).
We propose a project approach with 5 work packages where socio-technical an socio-economic studies are balanced with technical challenges to define a new, secure service architecture and intelligent algorithms that give drivers of electrical vehicles a seamless charging experience, and to allow the involved actors to cost-effectively manage their part of the service chain. The 5 work packages are:

• WP1: Socio-technical study for smart charging services
• WP2: Service Architecture Design and Evalution
• WP3: Green charging optimization and driver identification
• WP4: Business modeling & techno-economic study
• WP5: Proof-of-Concept and Evaluation
In light of these considerations, the architectural service components will be defined and evaluated (performance, scalability, remote provisioning) and multi-objective algorithms will be proposed that optimize the coordinated battery charging of a group of cars operated by multiple PHEV operators.

Partners: Sony ; Interparking ; Athlon Car Lease ; ReStore ; Stad Brugge ; IBBT-IBCN ; IBBT-MICT